Special Report No. 06-08: A Review of Contemporary Topics on Dioxin and Pulp and Paper Industry Effluents and Wastewater Residuals

Following successful application of elemental chlorine free (ECF) bleaching practices and other process modifications to reduce or eliminate 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (TCDF) formation in chemical pulp bleaching, the topic of dioxin has become progressively less relevant to the pulp and paper industry. Nonetheless, the industry remains interested in current dioxin-related science and is not aware of a recent comprehensive review of that science.