Technical Bulletin No. 0920: Effects of a Biologically Treated Bleached Kraft Mill Effluent from a Mill with Oxygen Delignification and Elemental Chlorine Free Bleaching on Adult F

This study investigated the effects of an effluent from a kraft mill with oxygen delignification (OD) and elemental chlorine free (ECF) bleaching on the reproduction of adult fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) using a short-form adult-exposure assay. The results of this study are compared to those of a complete fathead minnow life-cycle bioassay progressing parallel to this study and more completely described in NCASI Technical Bulletin No. 917 (NCASI 2006b).