Wastewater Characterization

Water Consumption, Reuse, and Conservation

The North American forest products industry is a large user of freshwater but consumes comparatively little of the water it uses.  Further, the reliance of the industry on forest-derived raw materials and the use of surface water as a receiver for treated effluents represent extensions of its footprint with regard to water resources.

An overarching theme of nearly all NCASI activity is to provide information that can be used to inform and improve environmental stewardship practices.  The more recent advent of stewardship/
sustainability initiatives for water (like those initiated for forests decades ago) has made some additional opportunities for highlighting industry practices apparent.  NCASI work in these areas has included development of tools for estimating mill-level water consumption and evaluating the applicability of numerous water stewardship metrics used to define water footprints for industrial facilities.