Paper addresses stream temperature response to forest harvesting

During forest harvesting operations, foresters typically maintain riparian forest buffers adjacent to streams. One reason forest managers retain buffers is to maintain water temperatures in streams after forest harvesting by minimizing solar radiation input. In the Pacific Northwest, cold-water fish species in particular, such as Pacific salmonids, are particularly sensitive to fluctuations in water temperature through all stages of their life history.

In some regions, much of the research on riparian forest buffer effectiveness was conducted in the mid-20th century and may not accurately reflect contemporary practices which often have been modified over time based on studies from other regions.

In Oregon, the Alsea Watershed Study Revisited has provided a unique opportunity to investigate and compare stream temperature responses to contemporary forest harvesting practices (e.g., retention of riparian vegetation for provision of shade) with the impacts from historical (1960s) harvesting practices (e.g., no riparian vegetation retained).

A paper recently published in Forest Ecology and Management presents results from this study which was conducted with support from Oregon State University, NCASI, Plum Creek Timber Company, the Oregon Forest and Industries Council, and others.

The abstract for the paper follows.

Historical forest harvesting practices, where the riparian canopy was removed, generally increased energy loading to the stream and produced higher stream temperatures. As such, contemporary forest management practices require maintenance of streamside vegetation as riparian management areas, with an important function of providing shade and minimizing solar radiation loading to streams to mitigate stream water temperature changes. The Alsea Watershed Study Revisited in the Oregon Coast Range provided a unique opportunity to investigate and compare the stream temperature responses to contemporary forest harvesting practices (i.e., maintenance of riparian vegetation) with the impacts from historical (1960s) harvesting practices (i.e., no riparian vegetation). Here we present an analysis of 6 years (3 years pre-harvest and 3 years post-harvest) of summer stream temperature data from a reference (Flynn Creek) and a harvested catchment (Needle Branch). There was no evidence that the (a) 7-day moving mean of daily maximum (T7DAYMAX) stream temperature, (b) mean
 daily stream temperature, or (c) diel stream temperature changed in the study stream reaches following contemporary forest harvesting practices. The only parameter of interest that changed after forest harvesting was the T7DAYMAX when analyses were constrained to the Oregon regulatory period of July 15 to August 15 and all sites in each catchment were grouped together—in this case stream temperature increased 0.6 ± 0.2 °C (p = 0.002). However, over the entire post-harvest study period, the warmest maximum daily stream temperature observed in Needle Branch was 14.7 °C—in the original Alsea Watershed Study, maximum daily stream temperatures rose to 21.7 °C (1966) and 29.4 °C (1967) in the first two post-harvest years, providing evidence that current harvesting practices have improved protection for stream water temperatures.  

Reference 

Bladon, K.D., N.A. Cook, J.T. Light, and C. Segura. 2016. A catchment-scale assessment of stream temperature response to contemporary forest harvesting in the Oregon Coast Range. Forest Ecology and Management 379:153–164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.08.021