Special Reports

Special Reports are listed on this page by year of publication, with the most recent titles appearing at the top of the list. To select a different year, choose from the dropdown list and then click View.

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Special Report No. 18-04: Explanation of Life Cycle Assessment Indicators, Their Limitations, and Their Relevance to Forest Products

PDF , Source: Special Reports Published: 08/2018 View Abstract

Abstract: This report discusses indicators used in LCA, their strengths and limitations, as well as their relevance to the forest sector. The report finds that there is general agreement that potential land use impacts—and more specifically, potential effects on biodiversity—are highly relevant to the forest sector. However, the methods and indicators proposed to date have failed to prove useful to LCA of forest products due to their large uncertainties and inability to reflect the complex nature of biodiversity. The indicators associated with potential for climate change and water use impacts (water scarcity) are also found to be relevant to the sector. These indicators present moderate uncertainty when applied to forest products LCAs. That said, the methods available for water use impacts are not very mature, and the indicators have not yet been widely implemented. Ozone depletion, ionizing radiation and depletion of minerals are typically described as of low relevance to the sector. All other indicators (e.g., acidification, smog, toxicity) are typically described as having medium relevance to the sector, with various levels of associated uncertainty. The relevance assessment for the application of LCA midpoint indicators to forest products presented in this report shows potential utility in streamlining or interpreting the results of an LCA, but may or may not affect the choices of indicators for undertaking the LCA itself. KEYWORDS: Life cycle assessment, environmental indicators, forest products

Special Report No. 18-03: Review of Sustainability Reporting Indicators and Metrics Used by the Global Forest Products Industry

PDF , Source: Special Reports Published: 04/2018 View Abstract

Abstract: This report is to help companies in the forest products industry better understand the sustainability disclosure landscape and the range of expectations and requirements from both current and emerging disclosure initiatives. The report provides an overview of 11 voluntary disclosure initiatives [Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI), Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), CDP Water, CDP Forests, Global Protocol on Packaging Sustainability (GPPS), The Sustainability Consortium (TSC), International Integrated Reporting Framework (IIRC), Extractives Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI), Ontario Securities Council (OSC) and Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB)], along with a more detailed focus and analysis on the indicators and metrics associated with environmental issues. While the studied indicators are relevant to the sector, the manner in which some are quantified may lead to inconsistent results across companies and/or across disclosure initiative reporting. It is important to note that while the overall analysis in this report will be useful over time, the details in each of the disclosure initiatives will continue to evolve.

Special Report No. 18-02: Review of Ambient Air Monitoring Technology for PM2.5 and Associated Canadian Ambient Air Criteria

PDF , Source: Special Reports Published: 02/2018 View Abstract

Abstract: Most Canadian ambient air quality standards and criteria for PM2.5 were derived from epidemiological data collected during the 1980s and 1990s. Older ambient air PM2.5 monitors are known to yield biased measurements when compared to those obtained from the newer reference gravimetric-based instruments. Although it is conceivable that these biases may have affected the accuracy of the epidemiological associations reported in the literature, the available information summarized in this report suggests that other methodological and confounding factors may have more impact on health effect estimates, and thus on ambient air criteria derived from these estimates, than monitoring technology.

Special Report No. 18-01: Species at Risk Assessment in Canada: A Cross-Jurisdictional Review

PDF , Source: Special Reports Published: 02/2018 View Abstract

Abstract: In 1992, Canada signed and ratified the International Convention on Biological Diversity, the key purpose of which is the protection and conservation of the world’s flora and fauna. Conserving species at risk is a vital part of the maintenance of biodiversity. As a party to the Convention, Canada has committed to the identification and protection of species at risk, and each jurisdiction within Canada has committed to work together with the federal government to do the same within their respective regions. That said, given that natural resources and land-use decisions fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial governments, the way in which species at risk are assessed, categorized, and managed may vary. The purpose of this report is to review the species at risk assessment and management mechanisms used across Canada by the federal, provincial, and territorial governments, and to examine the role science plays in helping to ensure assessments and listings are objective, transparent, and science-based. While most jurisdictions within Canada have some mechanisms for recognizing and managing species at risk, only some have dedicated legislation for that purpose, and one jurisdiction has no specific species at risk programs at all. While species at risk management varies significantly across the country, it is a complex undertaking with multiple elements to be considered. Biological and ecological science plays a key role in helping in the assessment, recovery, and ultimately the long-term conservation of species at risk.

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